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COVID-19 A GLOBAL PANDEMIC

                                                                                                                             

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On December 31, 2019, China notified the World Health Authority that there was an outbreak of a novel Coronavirus. The virus SARSCoV-2 was renamed COVID-19, a shortened form of “Coronavirus disease of 2019.” Like the prior Coronaviruses, no one has immunity to the virus. This makes all of us vulnerable. By the end of March, the world saw more than a half-million people infected and nearly 30,000 deaths. Today, COVID-19 has rapidly spread to over 215 countries and territories in a very short period of time. Almost 8 million have been infected; many have died.

 Symptoms:

 Top priorities for COVID-19 testing are:  
 

 • Fever or chills

• Dry cough

• Difficulty in breathing/shortness in breath

• Muscle or body aches

• Headache

• Sore throat 

• Nasal congestion or runny nose           

• Loss of taste or smell (acutely)  

• Loss of appetite

• Diarrhea

• Rash on skin/discoloration of fingers/toes  

Highest priority (those with symptoms)

i. Hospitalized patients with symptoms   

ii. Healthcare workers with symptoms

iii. Workers in congregated work settings with symptoms

iv. First responders with symptoms

v. Residents of long-term care or group homes with symptoms

vi. Prisoners and residents of shelters

Priority for testing

i. Persons with symptoms suggestive of COVID-19

ii. Persons without symptoms prioritized by health departments or clinicians as part of recommended screening, monitoring or surveillance plans

Prevent the Spread
 

• Wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use an alcohol-based hand rub (≥ 60%) or per your organization’s recommended procedure.

• SARS-CoV-2 virus is spread via respiratory droplets by person to person close contact and from contact with contaminated surfaces, then touching the face (eyes, nose or mouth).

• SARS-CoV-2 is highly contagious and easily transmissible requiring social distancing of 6 feet/2 metres.

Testing continues to be an important diagnostic and surveillance tool to help guide the response to the COVID-19 pandemic until a vaccine is available. Download InTouch Issue 12: Part 1 – COVID-19 a Global Pandemic for more information on this topic.

                                                                                                                             

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 REFRENCES:

1. AnsellCares INTOUCH CLINICAL UPDATE FOR HEALTHCARE WORKERS WITH AN INTEREST IN SAFETY AND INFECTION PREVENTION PART 1: COVID-19 1. A GLOBAL PANDEMIC. https://www.ansell.com/-/media/projects/ansell/website/pdf/medical/ansell-cares/intouch/intouch-blogs/intouch-12-part-1-covid19-a-global-pandemic.ashx?la=en&rev=dc20d655a3184d8bb8606026aeaa6c41&hash=B2A367093F6EB0F7C194F30BA080A46C Accessed 1st June 2020.